The 10th board exams are the gates that open up a world of choices for students. A choice of subjects, a choice of careers, and an option to choose between intellectual interests. Thus it’s common to become overwhelmed and confused at first.
The very first basic choices are between the three major streams, which are:
This article deals necessarily with the internal choice a student faces in the Science stream, that between Medical and Non-medical. These are career defining choices and thus a lot of thought and research should be undertaken before making them.
Here we will shed light on the nuances of Medical and Non-Medical options which will help you understand them better and thus make a well-informed decision. With the advent of more and more interdisciplinary courses, the difference between these two has become less stark. Thus it’s more important to have a clearer view of what is to come once you take your pick.
Is the difficulty level same?
Yes, it is. As it goes without saying, every subject is complex in its own ways. It might be intricacy of theory or analytical complexity, but there won’t really be a subject which won’t ask for devoted studies. No subject is tough or easy, it all depends on your interest and the amount of work you put in.
While the medical stream will be more theoretical- asking you to develop expertise in the details, the non-medical stream will hone your analytical skills. But again, both offer ample amount of inter-disciplinary strata within each stream which leaves no dearth of new, less conventional options.
What are the subjects on offer in the Medical and Non-Medical streams?
The main subjects on offer for a Medical student are
The main subjects for a Non-medical student will be
Apart from these, the students have to choose one language (which is most commonly English) and an optional subject which makes up the 5 subjects on which the student will be tested.
Some of the optional on offer are
- Computer science
- Engineering drawing
- Informatics practices
- Physical education
- Home science
- Fine Arts
It should be noted that the optional vary from one state/educational board to another.
The correct pairing of subjects with optionals enables a student to pursue a lot many research and career fields in the future. The academic avenues which might be restricted to a strictly PCM and PCB student become accessible if one chooses a versatile optional.
We will now discuss the various career options that can be pursued by students of medical and non-medical streams. We will start with the career options pertaining to the core streams and later on discuss the inter-disciplinary and inter-stream courses which are also open for students from other educational backgrounds.
Which career options could be pursued with the core Medical stream?
If we look at the subjects in the core medical stream, the following career and research options are open to the students through it:
- Medical science and dental science
- Neuroscience and AI
- Healthcare and data mining
- Molecular biology
- Biomedical engineering
- Ayurveda, Homeopathy, and Unani
- Veterinary science
Which career options could be pursued with the core non-medical stream?
This stream has comparatively wider options for students. We will list out the career/research avenues associated with each subject in the stream.
Career options with Physics
These courses can also be pursued by the students of the medical stream. However, a majority of these fields require Mathematics as a major subject, so a Medical student would benefit by keeping it as an optional. This will help them not lose out on many such opportunities.
- Nuclear and Atomic physics
- Molecular physics
- Optical physics
Career options with Chemistry
Similar to the above case, these courses are also open for the medical students with the necessary addition of Mathematics as the main subject.
- Chemical engineering
- Nuclear chemistry
- Medicinal chemistry
Career options with Mathematics
This subject is a common factor, not just amongst Medical and Non-medical courses, but also features in the Commerce and Humanities stream. Thus, making the following courses accessible for students from every educational background.
- Applied mathematics
- Computational mathematics
- Complex dynamics
- Fluid mechanics
- Image processing
- Computer science engineering
- Electronics and communication engineering
- Mechanical engineering
- Civil engineering
- Textile engineering
- Automobile engineering
- Environmental engineering
- Aerospace engineering
- Production engineering
- Manufacturing engineering
- Aeronautical engineering
Which career options could be sought by students of both the disciplines?
When we look beyond the core subjects, there is an entire world of courses and research avenues which are gathering momentum with time. While some of these career/higher educational options are restricted to only the science cadre, others are open for students of every stream.
- Computer science
- Environmental science
- Hotel management
- Bachelors of Arts(B.A)
- Bachelors in Computer Applications (BCA)
- Bachelors in Commerce (B.Com)
- Diploma courses
- LLB and other such integrated courses
- Fashion technology
- CA, ICWA, CS
- Actuarial Sciences
Entrance Exams to be considered by students of both the streams
We now look at the various entrance exams (at the national level) which students should consider. For your ease, we have divided these into stream specific exams and exams which are open to students from all disciplines.
1. Entrance exams for Medical students
- CET’s by various universities
2. Entrance exams for Non-medical students
- JEE (Main and advanced)
- CET’s of different states
- Arch of various universities
- IPU engineering
- Manipal, Jamia, AMU (B.Tech)
3. Entrance exams spanning across other streams
- Entrance exams for defense, marine, and navy. These are held around the year by the Indian Army, the notifications of which can be found on its official website. Exams like NDA are specially formulated for students just out of school.
- Entrance exams for various Humanities and social science courses across universities. These include entrances for various B.Com, B.A., and Bachelor in Management courses which span over 3 to 5 years.
- Entrance exams for law courses. These exams are held by various universities and also nationally.
- Entrance exams for Fashion Design and Hotel management
- Entrance exams for pure math courses
- UPSC, SSC and IBPS exams held by the government. Apart from these, students could visit official Government websites like ncs.gov.in (National Career Service).
How Dare2Compete helps
It requires systematic and efficient planning plus management for students to reach whatever goals they set. Coaching and tuition can only help to an extent, what truly makes a difference is the amount of self-study the student agrees to put in. Another factor that matters is credible information and educational help sources for the students.
This is where Dare2Compete helps.
We provide information about various educational competitions across the country from every discipline under one roof. These competitions work as a good simulator of ideas and boost the confidence of the participants regarding their expertise on the choice of subjects. The students can keep track of the upcoming competitions and have a one-stop destination for all the information regarding them.
Further, Dare2Compete also provides information about the various scholarship programs and competitions on offer by the govt. and private organizations plus universities. Students can avail these opportunities to help their higher educational dreams sail.
Students can also take part in the various quizzes (both online and otherwise) on the website. These quizzes are designed for every discipline and are a fun way to learn and revise the concepts present in the textbooks. If a student wishes so, they could also participate in quizzing competitions held across the nation (the information of which is also provided on the website).
Finally, there is a dedicated section of the website which contains career-related and educational articles which aim to help ease the ever-present confusions in a student’s mind.
We hope this article helped clear some of the questions regarding these streams in your mind. Science has slowly come to power and is now present in almost every sector, thus it is only natural for students to be more drawn towards it. Be it a career or personal interest, make sure that your choice does not deviate from these two. A forced decision will never help you in the long run, thus steer clear from the peer-mentality.
The medical stream and its tributaries occupy a major part of many international and national organization’s workings and Government-backed research. This makes it an attractive option for a young, enthusiastic mind.
The non-medical stream is, similar to medical, at the forefront of many breakthrough scientific developments and discoveries. Being an ever developing sector, this stream has an obvious charm which makes it a favorite choice amongst students.
At the end of the day, the choice you make should be entirely yours. But don’t shy away from seeking guidance from your parents, teachers, and counselors. Use the internet wisely, to find out in-depth information about the course of your choice from verified websites. These courses are fun and interesting, and it would do well if you plunge into them with a similar mindset.
Best of luck for ahead!